Most cognitive behavioral therapy approaches focus on aversive symptoms and problematic behaviors. This emphasis can limit the attention that’s paid to experiences that focus on growth and prosperity, such as a client’s culture and faith. Acceptance and commitment therapy, however, has a marked focus on values-based living, which aims to increase functionality by using values as a compass to do so.
According to the DSM-5, symptoms of psychosis may include delusions, hallucinations, disorganized speech, markedly illogical thinking, or behavior that is grossly disorganized or catatonic, as well as diminished emotional expression and avolition (American Psychiatric Association, 2013).
A vast diversity of religious and spiritual traditions exists, and your clients may be affiliated with any of them. This diversity is increasing, even in communities that have previously been relatively homogeneous. Even within one denomination or tradition, there can be an enormous amount of variability in the beliefs, practices, and lived experience of individual participants. Taking the time to learn more about religious and spiritual traditions that are important to your clients will increase your effectiveness as a therapist.